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The Crown of Halacha

Exodus: Parshah Mishpatim | Rabbi Eytan Yehudah Dzikowski

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Ch.21, vs. 12

What happens if a man is liable to receive 2 separate punishments?

וְכִֽי־יִנָּצ֣וּ אֲנָשִׁ֗ים וְנָ֨גְפ֜וּ אִשָּׁ֤ה הָרָה֙ וְיָצְא֣וּ יְלָדֶ֔יהָ וְלֹ֥א יִהְיֶ֖ה אָס֑וֹן עָנ֣וֹשׁ יֵעָנֵ֗שׁ כַּֽאֲשֶׁ֨ר יָשִׁ֤ית עָלָיו֙ בַּ֣עַל הָֽאִשָּׁ֔ה וְנָתַ֖ן בִּפְלִלִֽים׃

When men fight, and one of them pushes a pregnant woman and a miscarriage results, but no other damage ensues, the one responsible shall be fined according as the woman’s husband may exact from him, the payment to be based on reckoning.

We learn from this verse the rule of “Kim Le BeDerabah Minei” which dictates that one can’t be imposed 2 fines for the same act even if he transgressed 2 commandments in doing so but will only be punished for the most severe transgression.

(Messivta Sanhedrin 9b Note 13: Ketubot 36b, Rashi “VeEin Meshalmin”)

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